Springfield’s Union Station on Madison between fifth and Sixth streets was built by the Illinois Central Railroad in 1898. Designed by I.C. Architect Frances Bacon, The structure is in the Romanesque Revival style. Outside walls are a combination of brown, red and buff pressed brick in horizontal layers trimmed with buff. The steep roof is covered with red terra cotta tiles. The station was built at a cost of $75,000.00. The prominent clock tower was a major feature on the city’s landscape and could be seen for blocks away until its removal in 1946.
Prominent guests who arrived in Springfield at Union Station included President William McKinley in 1898 and Queen Marie of Rumania in 1926. The last passenger train passed through Union Station on April 30, 1971.